How do electrical vehicles work? EV parts and their capabilities

Electrical vehicles depend on so much fewer shifting components as in comparison with their ICE-powered counterparts.

By :
HT Auto Desk

Up to date on:
16 Could 2022, 12:41 PM

Electrical vehicles use a fewer shifting components in comparison with a fossil gas car. (REUTERS)

Electrical vehicles have been witnessing a second of awakening with the calls for for these zero-emission fashions rising all over the world. Electrical vehicles not solely promise zero tailpipe emission, however a considerably decrease price of possession in comparison with their conventional ICE-powered fashions. Whereas the customers discover electrical vehicles extra inexpensive contemplating the low price of possession in comparison with petrol or diesel vehicles, they’re simpler for upkeep as nicely.

(Additionally learn: Shopping for an electrical car? Know the tax profit you possibly can avail)

It’s because electrical vehicles include fewer parts in comparison with fossil gas autos. The important thing parts of an electrical automobile are – a battery pack, energy management unit, electrical motor, transmission and battery charger.

Battery pack

The battery pack is like the center of any electrical automobile. A battery pack determines an electrical automobile’s cruising vary and energy. Additionally, a battery pack will be referred to as each magic and curse in the identical shell as moreover defining the vary of the automobile, additionally they come at considerably excessive prices and bear an awesome weight as nicely. A battery pack is normally laid out as an enormous flat panel below the stomach of the electrical automobile. It incorporates smaller modules that embody even smaller cells. The batteries retailer vitality that gives juice for the car to run. It additionally offers vitality to different parts of the car like gentle, and dashboard components.


Apart from the battery pack, the electrical motor is one other essential part for any EV. An electrical motor attracts vitality from the battery pack and it runs on AC energy. The ability management unit transforms the battery pack’s DC energy into AC for the motor. The motors ship energy to the axles serving to them to rotate the wheels. Extra variety of motors means extra energy to the car and extra pace for it. An EV can use a most of 4 motors, with every sending energy to at least one wheel.


Electrical motors do not actually require the transmission. As a substitute of multi-speed gearboxes obtainable in fossil gas autos, electrical autos include a direct transmission system. As a substitute of standard transmission setups, electrical vehicles use a drive mode selector, which is less complicated than a standard gearbox with a number of shifting components.

Energy management unit

The ability management unit is a vital meeting that converts the DC energy saved within the battery again into AC that the majority electrical motors use. This course of is accomplished utilizing a part referred to as an inverter, a model of which is used to energy laptops or different units utilizing the 12-volt port within the automobile’s sprint. An influence management unit interfaces the drivetrain to the accelerator, begin button, and drive mode controller. It additionally oversees regeneration by means of which an EV channels energy again to the battery pack throughout braking.

Battery charger

Batteries retailer vitality in type of DC however the electrical grid runs energy in AC kind. A battery charger is required to attract energy from the grid to the car’s battery. Apart from charging the battery pack, the charger additionally converts AC energy to DC. There may be a variety of charging choices involving electrical vehicles. These embody normal dwelling chargers, quick chargers and so on.

First Printed Date: 16 Could 2022, 11:43 AM IST

Supply hyperlink