Regardless of the sale of three lakh Electrical Automobiles in 2021, their share continues to be negligible


After a fall in 2020 on account of the pandemic, the sale of electrical automobiles elevated considerably in 2021 when greater than 3 lakh electrical automobiles have been offered. Near 95% of the electrical automobiles offered in 2021 have been 2-wheelers & 3-wheelers. Regardless of the seemingly spectacular numbers, the share of the electrical car gross sales within the whole motorized vehicle gross sales continues to be negligible.

Globally, there was a push for shift from Inner Combustion Engine (ICE) automobiles to electrical automobiles following considerations over local weather change, improve in vitality prices, air pollution, and depletion of fossil fuels. In accordance with a latest report by the Worldwide Power Company (IEA), a Paris-based intergovernmental group, about 1.3 lakh electrical automobiles have been offered each week in 2021. This quantity is identical as the overall variety of electrical automobiles offered all year long in 2012. As per IEA, over 2.2 million electrical automobiles have been offered in 2019 accounting for two.5% of the worldwide automotive gross sales. In 2020, although the general gross sales of automobiles had contracted, electrical automotive gross sales rose to three million accounting for 4.1% of whole automotive gross sales which doubled in 2021 to six.6 million accounting for 9% of the overall international automotive gross sales. Within the final three years, the market share of electrical automobiles has greater than tripled globally. 

Governments have rolled out incentives to spice up shift to Electrical Automobiles

In India, the federal government got here up with the Nationwide Electrical Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 within the yr 2012 which aimed toward boosting electrical car manufacturing within the nation and quicker adoption of electrical automobiles. As a part of the plan, the federal government is implementing the FAME India Scheme since 2015 in a phased method. Underneath the scheme, the main focus has been on offering demand incentives, charging infrastructure growth, and demand creation, amongst others. Electrical car insurance policies are at completely different phases of proposal/implementation throughout most states. Lately, the Odisha authorities introduced a subsidy of 15% as much as Rs. 5,000, Rs.12,000 and Rs.1 lakh for 2, three, and four-wheeler electrical automobiles. In accordance with stories, the Delhi Authorities has launched registration for centres which is able to undertake electrical retrofitting of outdated diesel and petrol automobiles and convert them into electrical automobiles. 

VAHAN dashboard gives knowledge on the registration of motor automobiles

The VAHAN dashboard gives knowledge on the registration of motor automobiles from throughout the nation together with electrical automobiles. Maintained by the Ministry of Street Transport & Highways (MoRTH), the VAHAN dashboard is a centralized database of registration of automobiles from 33 out of 37 states/UTs that are enrolled in VAHAN 4.0. The figures from Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Lakshadweep, and Madhya Pradesh usually are not included right here. The figures pertain to 1386 RTOs of the overall 1597 RTOs within the nation. 

Vital improve in registration of electrical automobiles in 2021

As per the information on the dashboard, the registration of electrical automobiles has elevated significantly since 2013. Solely about 5,500 electrical automobiles have been registered within the nation in 2013 and 2014 put collectively which elevated to greater than 9,000 in 2015. It was in 2015 that the primary section of the FAME Scheme was launched. The variety of registrations crossed 50,000 marking a rise by 5.7 occasions, in 2016. Since then, there was a gradual progress in electrical car registrations till 2019. Throughout this era, the registrations greater than tripled. 

Underneath Part-I of the FAME India Scheme, over 2.8 lakh electrical and hybrid automobiles have been supported. Underneath phase-II which commenced in 2019, over 2.31 lakh Electrical Automobiles have been supported until February 2022, in line with the Ministry of Heavy Industries. 

In 2020, the pandemic’s affect on the financial system and its impact on car manufacturing and gross sales meant that the electrical car registrations additionally got here down. The variety of electrical automobiles registered in 2020 dropped to 1.19 lakh, the bottom since 2018. Nevertheless, in 2021, a document 3.11 lakh electrical automobiles have been registered, greater than the overall variety of electrical automobiles registered between 2012 and 2018.

As on 10 February 2022, in solely about 40 days into 2022, near 66,000 electrical automobiles have been registered. If the development continues all year long, 2022 may effectively see over 5 lakh electrical car registrations if no more. 

Regardless of a rise, electrical automobiles represent only one.9% of whole automobiles registered in 2021

The variety of electrical automobiles registered has elevated manifold through the years. Nevertheless, as a share of the overall variety of automobiles registered together with ICE and Hybrid automobiles, electrical automobiles account for less than 0.35% of the overall quantity with lower than 10 lakhs registered up to now. For context, the VAHAN knowledge reveals that as on 10 February 2022, almost 28.28 crore automobiles have been registered within the nation. 

As a share of all automobiles registered in every year, electrical automobiles constituted lower than 1% till 2020. In 2021, for the primary time, the share of electrical automobiles crossed 1% constituting about 1.85% of all automobiles registered in 2021. In 2022, electrical automobiles constituted 3.44% of all automobiles registered until 10 February 2022. 

Furthermore, the general car registration within the nation dropped from 2.27 crores in 2018 to 1.63 crores in 2020 and elevated slowly to 1.68 crores in 2021. In different phrases, the general car registration dropped by 26% between 2018 and 2021. Throughout this similar interval, the registration of electrical automobiles elevated from 1.32 lakhs to three.1 lakhs, a couple of 2.35 occasions improve.

Two-wheeler and three-wheeler- electrical automobiles accounted for greater than 95% of the electrical automobiles registered every year whereas the identical two classes accounted for greater than 75% of the overall automobiles registered every year between 2017 and 2021. The categorization used right here is the next. 

Electrical two-wheeler registrations elevated considerably in 2021

The registration of four-wheeler electrical automobiles has been rising slowly from lower than 1000 yearly till 2016 to 13,352 in 2021. Registration of electrical three-wheelers witnessed a steep progress and elevated 23 occasions between 2015 and 2021. Then again, the registration of electrical two-wheelers witnessed a sudden sharp improve by over 5 occasions in 2021. The registration of electrical items and different automobiles has been low all through. 

As a share of general automobiles registered in every of those classes, electrical three-wheelers which constituted lower than 17% of the overall three-wheelers registered in 2017, constituted greater than 42% of the three-wheelers registered in 2021. Likewise, the share of electrical two-wheelers has additionally elevated from a close to negligible quantity in 2017 to 1.2% in 2021. The share of electrical four-wheelers and items and different electrical automobiles was beneath 0.5% in 2021.

UP and Delhi account for greater than 40% of electrical automobiles registered since 2017

Of the overall 8.78 lakh, electrical automobiles registered between 1 January 2017 and 10 February 2022, 29.6% (2.6 lakh) have been registered in Uttar Pradesh alone. Greater than 1 lakh automobiles have been registered in Delhi, accounting for 12%. Ten states together with UP, Delhi, Karnataka, Bihar, Maharashtra, Assam, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Haryana had registered greater than 25,000 electrical automobiles every and accounted for greater than 87% of the electrical automobiles registered within the interval.  

The development throughout the states of UP, Delhi, Maharashtra, Assam, Rajasthan, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand is just like that noticed on the nationwide degree whereas in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, there was a steady improve in electrical car registration regardless of the pandemic. 

Besides in West Bengal, the registrations elevated between 2 to 9 occasions throughout all main states in 2021. Gujarat witnessed an 8.7 occasions improve in 2021, whereas Kerala and Odisha registered a 6 occasions improve. This various development throughout states is influenced by the respective state’s electrical car coverage. Gujarat authorities introduced a subsidy of as much as Rs. 1.5 lakh, Rs.5 lakhs, and Rs.15 lakhs for 2, three, and four-wheelers respectively in 2021, primarily based on battery capability. Tamil Nadu provides 100% street tax exemption until 30 December 2022 along with waiver on registration costs whereas the Delhi authorities provides a purchase order incentive of as much as Rs. 30,000/- per car to the registered proprietor. 

Nevertheless, it have to be famous that knowledge for Telangana, Andhra Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh is just not out there to touch upon the tendencies in these states. 

Hero Automobiles is probably the most most popular model

The excitement round electrical automobiles elevated in 2021 with Ola Electrical opening bookings for its electrical scooters in September 2021 with an preliminary reserving payment of Rs. 499. The corporate introduced in September 2021 that they offered scooters value over Rs. 600 crores on the primary day of the sale, and crossed Rs.1,100 crores on the second day. Whereas the corporate claimed that it had dispatched over 4,000 automobiles, the information within the Street Transport Ministry’s VAHAN Dashboard revealed that solely 2,272 have been registered up to now in 33 of the 37 states/UTs. 

Amongst different famend car producers, greater than 82,000 electrical automobiles registered have been manufactured by Hero Electrical Automobiles Pvt Ltd as on 10 February 2022. Greater than 62,000 electrical automobiles have been manufactured by Okinawa Autotech Pvt Ltd and greater than 59,000 automobiles of YC Electrical Automobiles have been registered. Greater than 25,000 automobiles have been made by Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd, and 24,400 automobiles of Ather Power Pvt. Ltd has been registered. Bajaj Auto Ltd.’s automobiles constituted almost 21,000 registrations whereas Tata Motors Pvt Ltd.’s automobiles constituted greater than 15,000 and TVS Motor Firm constituted greater than 13,000 electrical car registrations. 

Regardless of appreciable progress, the shift to electrical continues to be a great distance away

Whereas the expansion in numbers is encouraging, the share of electrical automobiles continues to be solely round 2% of two-wheeler gross sales that means that it’s going to take a very long time earlier than the shift to electrical automobiles takes place. Whereas monetary incentives are essential to spur demand, it isn’t alone adequate to quickly improve the adoption of electrical automobiles. Points round batteries stay the one largest problem with different challenges resembling availability of uncooked supplies, electrical energy tariff insurance policies, accessibility/availability of fast-charging stations, and so on. Till all these are addressed collectively, the electrical car gross sales may nonetheless be paltry in comparison with the general gross sales. 

Featured Picture: Electrical Car Gross sales

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