On February twenty fourth, 2022, Russia invaded the nation of Ukraine. The result’s proving to be the biggest land struggle in Europe since World Battle II. Photographs of Russian vans and 4×4 troop transports convoys are filling the information. Listed here are the makes and fashions of the most typical Russian navy automobiles.
GAZ Tigr armored troop transport
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One of many latest automobiles in Russia’s arsenal is the GAZ Tigr troop transport. The Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (GAZ) firm started constructing this car for the Russian military in 2004 and the primary items went into service in 2006.
These van-like armored transports are every 19 toes lengthy and seven.9 toes excessive. They’ve room for 2 crew members plus a machine gun (as much as a 50 caliber), or a grenade launcher. Relying on its configuration, a GAZ Tigr can carry as much as 11 troops.
The GAZ Tigr’s drivetrain can be acquainted to followers of basic Ram vans: these vans have been initially engineered across the 5.9L Cummins turbodiesel I6. Some vans have Russian-built guide transmission, others an Allison or Chrysler automated.
The Cummins 6BT can propel the 15,900-pound GAZ Tigr at as much as 87 mph. Locking differentials and a winch hold the car shifting off-road. A number of nations, together with China, now construct their very own GAZ Tigr transports below license from Russia.
For the 2017 model-year GAZ redesigned the Tigr and opted for an in-house diesel engine as an alternative of the American-built Cummins. Nevertheless it stands to cause that many Cummins-powered, pre-2017 GAZ Tigrs are nonetheless in service.
Ural 4320 multi-purpose 6×6 truck
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The immediately recognizable Ural 4320 will be the most quintessential Soviet-era navy truck. It’s an off-road 6×6 car designed for shifting massive numbers of troops or heavy gear. Ural Automotive has been constructing this navy truck since 1977.
At the moment, Ural builds the 4320 with one in all two in-house engines: a diesel V6 or a diesel V8. The bigger engine endows the truck with a gross car weight (GVW) of 33,750 kilos. That comes out to a 13,200-pound payload capability and a 25,350-pound tow score.
Russia presses this versatile platform into service in configurations starting from tanker truck to armored transport for twenty-four troops to a cabover flatbed gear hauler. Convoys made up fully of Ural 4320 vans have been noticed crossing the border into Ukraine carrying troops and equipment.
One of many first Russian automobiles the Ukranian Military captured was a Ural 4320 6×6. Confusingly, a bunch of Russian saboteurs had pushed the distinct truck in an tried infiltration of Kyiv.
KAMAZ 6×6 missile launch car
The Russian navy favors artillery and ground-to-ground missiles-according to the Washington Put up. When President Vladimir Putin ordered the assault, Russian troops shelled Ukrainian targets for 2 hours earlier than starting their floor invasion.
Up to now, the Russian military has leveraged both the bigger Pantsir-S missile system or the smaller BM-21 Grad missile system. Whereas the military typically mounts these techniques on tracked tanks, the decks of ships, and even trains, it normally mounts them on vans. The smaller system normally rides on the Ural 4320 whereas the bigger one will get a KAMAZ 6560 cab-over (or forward-cab) 8×8 truck.
However in the course of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the press photographed convoys of truck-mounted Russian missile launch techniques crossing the border. The weapons match neither of the widespread missile platform profiles. The launch techniques have been smaller, probably the BM-21 Grad. However as an alternative of using on older Ural 4320 truck, they have been every match on a KAMAZ cabover 6×6 truck. That is very probably the KAMAZ 53228.
KAMAZ builds a spread of wheelbases and configurations of its 4×4, 6×6, and eight×8 vans for each the navy and civilians. The corporate presents a sequence of in-house diesel V8 engines in its bigger vans and an choice for Cummins turbodiesels in its smaller vans.
Russia’s navy vans
These are solely three of the vans utilized by the Russian navy. However these three fashions have been photographed usually within the invasion of Ukraine.
The Russian navy makes use of a dizzying array of vans. Most of them are diesel. A few of them have tried-and-true designs, relationship again to the Chilly Battle. Whereas some use Russian engines, a few of the newer fashions use engines imported from the united statesA.
Learn extra concerning the Russian Military’s Cummins engines.
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